By the early 1960s, the Trustees of Porter-Leath Home recognized the declining need of services for orphans. Institutional care for orphans became rare largely due to the availability of Social Security benefits and Public Assistance Programs. Also, the numbers of true orphans diminished significantly as medical advances were made. Consequently, the Trustees sought to expand the Home’s child-caring services to meet the ever-increasing demands for more specialized institutional programs. As a result, by 1961 children under care at Porter-Leath came from the Courts, the Children’s Bureau and the Department of Public Welfare. For the most part, these children were dependent and neglected and from broken homes. The “cottage-type” or small-group system instituted by the Home in the 1950s was well suited to provide individual care and attention to children in such distress.